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_ No Global Industry Is Profitable If Natural Capital Is Accounted For
_ I've visited-as-a-tourist or lived in 25 separate countries, on 46 occasions
_ Influence: mobile and more - WARC's James Aitchison
_ Message from Drought Crisis: Don't Put All Your Eggs in America's Breadbasket
_Is Sustainable Living Possible, When there are Too Many People for Too Few Jobs?
_ DM's 6 factors considered before any purchase
_ Interview with Tariq Ali, 20 Mar.2011
_ Ban Ki-moon: World's economic model is 'environmental suicide'
_ Do We Have Iran's Ahmadinejad All Wrong?
_ Lerner/Tikkun: an Israel/Palestine Peace Treaty; & State of the Spirit, 2011
_ George Monbiot predicts next 7 years, in Dec.2003; & California Models the World, LA-Times, in Jan.2004
_ Auckland Harbour Bridge Walk-cycle-way, NZ
_ Coal-Mine Rescue is not like Fire-fighting
_ Eyres, FT: Cultivate Growth Industry
_ Brayne: Drop in BBCs climate coverage
_ Renewables provide 73% of NZs total electricity
_ NZs Windflow 500kW Turbine: Success!
_ 150 earthquakes in Canterbury NZ
_ Christchurch NZ Earthquake News: RadioNZ
_ Toxic legacy: US Marines Fallujah assault
_ Suicides outnumber road deaths - NZ
_ Small Modular Nuclear Reactors? TOD
_ D & Bs Life in 32 Tweets, Ds Style
_ Totnes-UKs Energy Descent Action Plan
_ ShapeNZ Mining Survey in May 2010
_ Wake-UpCall: Worlds Bigges tOilJunkie; Nelder
_ Protests against new powers for NZ Govt agencies
_ Links for 14-Apr to 16-Apr 2010
_ URLs: furless animal found in Sichuan; Hominid Species Discovery Shows Transition Between Apes, Humans
_ Carbon-Free Britain planned by Center for Alternative Technology (CAT)
Sunday, 16 May 2010
Totnes Energy Descent Action Plan

 Totnes (UK)'s Energy Descent Action Plan (EDAP) list of Contents:

- has, in its introduction:

"An Energy Descent Action Plan is a guide to reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and reducing our carbon footprint over the next 20 years, during which we expect many changes associated with declining oil supplies and some of the impacts of climate change to become more apparent.

In this EDAP we have built a picture of this future scenario based on visions of a better future. What we have tried in the process to invite the community

** to dream how the future could be, and to then work out the practical pathways by which we actually get there.**

Who is it being written for?

This EDAP is written for the community of Totnes and District; a market town and its fifteen encircling parishes. It is for people from all walks of life, all sectors; individuals, families, organisations, policy makers, service providers and service users;

** people who want to become part of the solution to some of the biggest challenges civilisation has ever faced.**

This EDAP provides a guide to our common future, with information about the issues, ideas about how the future may look as we move across the timeline and suggests many small and large actions that can contribute towards this vital process."

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

sent-on by David.

David MacClement, ZL1ASX RePosts: I am at
earth our home:




Posted by davd at 09:45 NZD
Updated: Sunday, 16 May 2010 09:56 NZD
Post Comment | Permalink
ShapeNZ Mining Survey - May 2010

-{These are sent by email after signing-up to take the questionnaires at:
- which has:
"Have your say on shaping New Zealand's future.
ShapeNZ is run by:
- the New Zealand Business Council for Sustainable Development."}-

"ShapeNZ" Mining Survey, May 2010:

{My check-box picks start with:

" # "

- while their "Why do you say that?" I answer starting:

"# · " .}

A large proportion of New Zealand’s land area is in the conservation estate, where some mining occurs. Some of this land is in Schedule 4 areas where mining is not currently allowed.

Page 1 of 13
Conserving more land:

The NZ Government is considering whether or not to remove the highest level of conservation protection (called Schedule 4) from 70 square kilometers of land in five areas, so that applications for exploration and mining activity can be considered on a case-by-case basis.
It is also considering adding 14 areas, covering 124 square kilometres to Schedule 4.
Schedule 4 restricts mineral-related activity in specified public conservation areas.
Schedule 4 land makes up about 40% of public conservation land or 13% of New Zealand’s total land area.

    Do you support or oppose proposals to add another 124 square kilometres of land to Schedule 4 of the Crown Minerals Act?
    Strongly support
# Support
Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why is that?
# · I don't agree with NZ governments' view that their main job is to grow the economy, the National-led govt. being stronger on this.
· I am proud to be a NZer, partly because of the big fraction of the country which has not been despoiled by human activity (farming, mining, roads and buildings).
· So naturally I "support proposals to add another 124 square kilometres of land to Schedule 4 of the Crown Minerals Act."
Some exploration and mining already occurs in conservation areas, but not on Schedule 4 land.

    Generally speaking, do you support or oppose mining on conservation land which is not Schedule 4?
    Strongly support
# Neutral
Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why is that?
# · Neutral since the outlines of conservation land are usually straight lines (when not coast or rivers) so some pockets of land currently in, could just as well be out -- they don't have the same reason to be labelled "Conservation" as the main block.
    Generally speaking, do you support or oppose _exploration_ of Schedule 4 land to access the mineral resource that could be mined, subject to the normal planning and environmental protection procedures under the Resource Management Act?
    Strongly support
# Oppose
Strongly oppose
Don't know

Page 2 of 13

Removing areas from Schedule 4

Firstly, some background for you…
The Government is considering removing these areas from Schedule 4 so that applications for exploration and mining activity can be considered on a case-by-case basis:

* Parts of the Coromandel Peninsula Forest Park, and the Otahu and Parakawai geological areas to the south of the peninsula
* Part of Great Barrier Island in Auckland’s Hauraki Gulf
* Much of the Rakiura National Park, which covers about 85% of Stewart Island, and
* The Inangahua Sector of Paparoa National Park on the South Island’s West Coast
These areas are protected because they have earlier been added to Schedule 4 of the Crown Minerals Act.
 Schedule 4 restricts mineral-related activity in specified public conservation areas. These have outstanding conservation or environmental values. These include unique scenic beauty, rare plant and animal life and recreational, tourism, cultural and historical values.
The Government says these are areas with “known and significant mineral potential”.
It estimates the potential value of the minerals in the 73 square kilometres of Schedule 4 areas under consideration is about $19 to $20 billion. Of this $13.7 billion is in the Coromandel and $4.3 billion on Great Barrier Island, a total of $18 billion.
The Government earns royalties from mining companies for the minerals they extract, ranging between 1.5% and 2% for high value minerals, like gold and silver. Workers in the mining sector (including oil and gas) earn an average income of $60,000 per employee, over double the national average. In 2000-2005 the sector returned an average $360,000 of gross domestic product per full time employee, nearly six times the national average.
We’ll ask you about your views on removing Schedule 4 protection from individual areas shortly, but firstly:

    Generally speaking, do you support or oppose mining on Schedule 4 conservation land?
    Strongly support
# Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why is that?
# · Mainly my previous objection to the view that increasing the NZ GDP is always good.
· In this case, there were excellent, documented reasons for naming these Schedule 4 areas: "mining forbidden", and nothing has changed.
- If we were significantly below US$10,000 per person, perhaps NZ$2,000 per person, adding to GDP by such means as mining small parts of Schedule 4 areas might possibly be justified.
· But the "average" NZer is actually too rich already, for sustainable living, so the government getting 1.5% and 2% from an activity which, with its support areas, clearly degrades Schedule 4 places, _cannot_ be justified.

    The Government says mineral wealth in Schedule 4 areas is estimated to be worth $19 to $20 billion if all were extracted. If it were, the Government would be paid royalties by the mining companies over the long term. New Zealand also benefits from tax paid by mining companies and from payment for services bought locally, including wages and salaries of employees and contractors.
    In your view, is this sufficient reward for extracting the minerals from Schedule 4 land?
# No
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · See above -- we don't need more money, it's as simple as that.

Page 3 of 13
Schedule 4 areas
Now we’ll give you brief descriptions of the minerals and conservation values of each area a Government stock take has recommended removing from Schedule 4.
 We’d then appreciate your views on whether or not each area should be removed from Schedule 4.

_Inangahua-Paparoa National Park_
The Inangahua Sector of Paparoa National Park, on the South Island’s West Coast, is proposed for removal from Schedule 4.
The Inangahua Sector covers four areas to the west of the Inangahua River between Te Wharau (Stony) River and the Buller River.
The Paparoa National Park, established in 1987, comprises a number of areas covering about 30,000 hectares in northern Westland. Several parcels of land have been added over time to the park, and in 2008 most of these were also added to Schedule 4.
Mineral potential:
Mainly coal mining has potential in this area and some mining occurs now. The four separate areas of the Inangahua Sector have medium to high mineral prospectivity for coal. There are several mining and exploration permits covering the Inangahua Coalfield. The field currently produces 120,000 tonnes of coal a year, mainly supplying industry in the top half of the South Island.
The potential of the coalfield has not yet been fully explored and evaluation of the importance of individual areas will require drilling and more detailed assessment. There may also be coal seam gas potential.
Conservation issues:

The four areas of the Inangahua Sector contain substantial areas of unlogged forest (almost 80 percent), with a significant proportion on limestone substrates. They include areas of previously logged lowland terrace beech forest in good condition and are important for wildlife, including threatened bird species (great spotted kiwi, kâkâ, kererû).
All four areas adjoin and complement more extensive areas of protected forest. Areas within Paparoa National Park are of significant cultural importance to Ngâi Tahu as well as containing pounamu resource which is owned by Ngâi Tahu. The glacial karst areas of the Inangahua Sector contain places of cultural value to iwi, including archaeological sites.
    Do you support or oppose areas of the Inangahua Sector of Paparoa National Park being removed from Schedule 4 and therefore being made available for exploration and possible mining?
    Strongly support
# Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · Coal should not be burnt but saved underground (same for petroleum) for possible future use as very-long-life plastics. Long-chain hydrocarbons (not the shortest, CH4 and C2H6) have reduced-entropy already -- the longer the chain of Cs the less entropy -- so for humans to _increase_ entropy by burning them is a thermodynamic mistake; it speeds-up the tendency to break-up-and-dissipate (i.e. increase entropy) that is the fundamental law of the universe.

_Stewart Island_

Further investigation and analysis are being undertaken of parts of Rakiura National Park (not including the Hananui/Mount Anglem area) as part of the Government’s mineral investigation programme in 2010.
Rakiura National Park was formed in 2002 and at 139,960 hectares it covers about 85 percent of Stewart Island. It was added to Schedule 4 in 2008.
Mineral potential:
The potential value of these resources is estimated to be $7 billion at today’s prices, with most ($5.4 billion) being in rare earth elements.
Within the national park, the most documented mineral occurrences, particularly gold, copper, tin and tungsten are associated with granites of the Median Batholith, which cover more than half of the island.
Conservation issues:
Rakiura National Park has high conservation values. The area is recognised as having outstanding scenery and contains features of international, national and regional importance. It is an oceanic island with a distinctive climate, species and ecosystems.
Stewart Island has developed a substantial tourism industry for its small population base, and it is increasingly seen as a niche eco-tourism destination by domestic and international visitors. Visitors are attracted to its pristine environment, its relative isolation and lack of urban development, and a growing range of outdoor activities based on the island’s conservation attributes. Tourism is the main source of income on the island, overtaking fishing as the historical source of income and population growth.
Feedback to DOC on the Rakiura Conservation Management Strategy highlighted the potential for Rakiura to become New Zealand’s eco-tourism jewel and the opportunity it offers for New Zealand to position itself as a world-class eco-tourism destination.

    Do you support or oppose areas of the Rakiura National Park being removed from Schedule 4 and therefore being made available for exploration and possible mining?
    Strongly support
# Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · Added to all I've said: the reasons are insufficient, since gold, copper, tin and tungsten are dispersed widely requiring _huge_ amounts of tailings to be dumped.
· Within 50 years the human race will have completely over-run the Northern hemisphere and New Zealand (Aotearoa) will be one of a handful of places in the world where eco-tourism is still possible (given suitable means of getting here; I suspect it'll be by biofuelled air transport).

Page 4 of 13
Coromandel Forest Park – Otahu and Parakawai

Two main areas of the Coromandel are proposed for removal from Schedule 4 – part of the Coromandel peninsula to the north, and two ecological areas to the south.
Firstly, the two ecological areas:
The 396 hectare Otahu Ecological Area is part of the Coromandel Forest Park, located south-west of Whangamata. The 68 hectare Parakawai Geological Area is located nearby and is also part of the Coromandel Forest Park.
These two areas are located within the formations that confine several significant gold deposits, including Te Aroha, Karangahake, Golden Cross, Wharekiraponga and Ohui.
Mineral potential:
They are likely to have excellent potential for medium grade and medium tonnage, gold-silver vein deposits. It is estimated there is potential within the two areas for a million-ounce ore body, which would be worth approximately $1.5 billion at today’s prices.
Conservation issues:
The Otahu Ecological Area comprises lowland to montane forest, including kauri, and is part of the largely forested Otahu River catchment. This catchment drains to the Otahu Estuary.
The Otahu Estuary and catchment is one of few areas remaining in the Coromandel that provides a reasonably intact natural sequence of habitat from the upper reaches of stream tributaries in the mountains to the marine habitats of the ocean. The area provides valuable habitat for North Island brown kiwi, Hochstetter's and Archey's frogs, as well as native fisheries.
The conservation values of the Parakawai Geological Area are similar to those of the surrounding conservation park land, which is not covered by Schedule 4. Distinctive geological features exposed by past quarrying are considered worthy of protection. The streams of this part of the park have high habitat values for threatened native freshwater species.

    Do you support or oppose the Coromandel Forest Park Otahu and Parakawai ecological areas being removed from Schedule 4 and therefore being made available for exploration and possible mining?
    Strongly support
# Oppose
Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · I strongly oppose Otau being removed from Schedule 4, and am neutral about the Parakawai ecological area -- Mining could possibly be justified there -- but since they are lumped together (probably for economic reasons) I choose to oppose both.

Coromandel Peninsula

Currently, all public conservation land north and north-west of State Highway 25A (Kôpû- Hikuai road) and the road from Hikuai to Pauanui Beach known as the Hikuai Settlement Road, and the internal waters of the Coromandel Peninsula  (such as harbours and enclosed bays), are listed in Schedule 4.
Mineral potential:
The Coromandel Peninsula is one of the most mineral-rich regions of New Zealand. It includes most of the Hauraki Goldfield, which comprises a large number of mineral deposits.
The peninsula is one of the foremost epithermal gold provinces in the world and is said to be extremely under-explored. The value of potential resources for 12 metallic and six non-metallic minerals for the wider Coromandel area (including the Otahu Ecological Area and the Parakawai Geological Areas) is conservatively estimated to be $54 billion (mostly in gold, silver and peat).
Conservation issues:
About 30 percent is managed by DOC, and sections of that land have high conservation values, including populations of threatened endemic frogs, skinks and geckos. The Coromandel Peninsula has a variety of ecosystem and habitat types, including significant remnant kauri, tawa and podocarp forest. It is home to a number of threatened species, including pâteke, North Island kâkâ, North Island brown kiwi and invertebrates such as Moehau wçtâ and Moehau stag beetle, the highly threatened Archey’s frog and several threatened species of skink and gecko species and frogs. Streams provide habitat for a diverse native fish fauna, including threatened species such as the shortjaw kôkopu and longfin eel.
A range of threatened and endemic plant species such as the nationally critical dwarf greenhood orchid and the endemic mountain daisy are in its forests. The peninsula includes areas of outstanding natural landscape.

    Do you support or oppose public conservation land in the Coromandel Peninsula being removed from Schedule 4 and therefore being made available for exploration and possible mining?
    Strongly support
# Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · I have been (and still am) a quarter-owner of an 87-ha property in the Kauaeranga Valley, since February 1991 (Companies No. 500799), with ranges east and west of us.
· We four have a common interest in revegetating as much as possible of our land in the original natives (farming the lowland paddocks to pay the rates).
· I am adamantly (a) opposed to anything which negatively impacts the Coromandel's ecology and scenery, and (b) opposed to giving ownership of surface or underground resources to foreigners, even when they pay NZers what they consider a lot of money for such ownership privileges.
· If NZ businesses, some decade in the future, require gold or silver for their commercial products, "keyhole mining" might be allowed in carefully selected locations, but just to sell the metal now for a few billion dollars is ludicrous, in my opinion.

Great Barrier Island
One specific area (the 705-hectare Te Ahumata Plateau on Great Barrier Island) is proposed for removal from Schedule 4. Other public conservation land on the Hauraki Gulf islands will remain protected in Schedule 4.
Mineral potential:

Te Ahumata Plateau on Great Barrier Island is considered to have significant mineral potential. This includes excellent potential for a number of medium-scale, high-grade gold and silver deposits at depth with a potential value of $4.3 billion at today’s prices.
Conservation issues:
Te Ahumata Plateau is largely under regenerating shrublands, with some patches of remnant broadleaf forest. The plateau forms part of the regenerating forested areas along the spine of the island, which is one of the largest possum- free areas in New Zealand.
Biodiversity values are not well known, but the native shrub daisy, which is in serious decline, is found in the area. Great Barrier endemic species such as Chevron skink and the shrub daisy Olearia allomii may be present.
    Do you support or oppose public conservation land on the Te Ahumata Plateau at Great Barrier Island being removed from Schedule 4 and therefore being made available for exploration and possible mining?
    Strongly support
# Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · Within 25-to-50 years Auckland will be a Mecca for eco-tourism (see my earlier comments), and a few hundred million dollars (1.5% to 2% of a handful of billion dollars) will be seen as peanuts in comparison.

Page 5 of 13
Effects of mining

Thinking about mining on Schedule 4 conservation land how do you rate its effect on the following?
      Very good     Good     Neutral     Bad     Very bad     Don't know
Temporary new jobs _         
Permanent new jobs _         
Tourism jobs _         
Regional economic growth _         
National economic growth _         
New Zealand’s wealth _         
Royalties paid to Government _         
Tax paid to Government _         
Native birds and plants _         
Tourism _         
      Very good     Good     Neutral     Bad     Very bad     Don't know
Scenery _         
Recreation _         
Public access _         
Nearby communities _         
New Zealand’s reputation overseas

Page 6 of 13
Conservation fund

The Government is proposing to put 50% of minerals royalty revenue from public conservation areas into a new Conservation Fund.

At least $2 million a year will be put in the fund for the first four years and a maximum of $10 million a year. The fund won’t be used to deal with the effects of modern mining. Bids to use the funds for conservation projects will be chosen by an independent panel.
    Do you support or oppose a new conservation fund being set up using royalties from minerals mined from public conservation land?
    Strongly support
# Neutral
Strongly oppose
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · While such a fund, even as small as this, is an acknowledgement that mining is very detrimental to conservation land, there are far better choices, like forgetting about mining on all schedule 4 conservation land (and consequently not having the fund).
The mining industry
    Generally, how responsible do you believe the mining industry in New Zealand has been in managing the effects of mining on the environment and local communities?
    Very irresponsible
# Irresponsible
Very responsible
Don’t know
    Why do you say that?
# · I know about the few places where e.g. an access road has gone around a tree instead of cutting it down, but spoil heaps and settling-pond dams are what's left in NZ when the valuable stuff goes to the overseas owners -- it would be more responsible not to mine in the first place.

    Do you trust or distrust the mining industry to fully restore Schedule 4 areas after mining is complete?
    Fully trust
Trust slightly
Neither trust nor distrust
# Distrust
Completely distrust
Don't know
    Why is that?
# · There's no way you can "restore" an ecology to the level where skinks and Powelliphant (giant snails) thrive when put back -- the micro-scale, at the level such plants and animals live, may look very similar to humans but would be quite foreign to those small things.
· To do it well enough would take all the profit out of the mining venture, so it's never done properly.

Page 7 of 13

Currently mining companies pay the Government a royalty of 1.5 % of net revenue from the first $1.5 million from selling gold, silver and platinum group minerals. On net revenue of more than $1.5 million the royalty rises to 2%.
The royalty paid for extracting other high volume, lower value, minerals – like rocks for roads, coal, limestone and peat – ranges from 10c to $1.50 per tonne sold.

    Are these royalty payments to the Government an adequate or inadequate reward to New Zealand for extracting these mineral resources?
    Very adequate
Not adequate
# Very inadequate
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · The risky part, exploration and proving, is already done, so such mining isn't comparable with petroleum exploration. and this is a tiny fraction of _net_revenue_. i.e. the costs have already been paid-for.
· The phrase "an adequate or inadequate reward to New Zealand" just emphasises that the main benefit goes overseas.
· There's no justification for NZ government or businesses to try to attract foreign investment; we need only enough overseas earnings (mainly from selling products and services) to pay for the few essential things we cannot make or supply ourselves.

    Would these royalty payments be an adequate reward to New Zealand for extracting these mineral resources from an area currently covered by Schedule 4?
    Very adequate
Not adequate
# Very inadequate
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · As above, but there's _no_ justification for mining high-conservation-value (Schedule 4) land.

    To achieve a balance between economic benefit and the environment, what level of royalty should the Government receive from those mining Schedule 4 conservation land?
More than 50%
# Other (please specify):
More than 50%, and mining only in the Parakawai ecological area.
    Why do you say that?
# · John Key, a business-oriented banker, wants to run New Zealand as a business, with his eye on the "bottom line" i.e. bringing in as much money as possible.
· He and his Cabinet are wrong -- New Zealand can be (and should be) a nearly-self-sufficient nation, not trying to entice overseas companies with low royalties.

    In Australia the Government has announced it will tax what it calls super profits by mining companies at 40%, while lowering the standard company tax rate over time to 28%.
    Should New Zealand have a 40% super tax on mining company profits in addition to royalties?
# Yes
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · All governments should tax super profits, at what will be seen as punitive rates.

    Should New Zealand have a 40% super tax on any profits made from mining schedule 4 conservation land?
# Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · With the possible exception of the Parakawai ecological area, _no_ profits should be made from mining schedule 4 conservation land.

Page 8 of 13
Consultation process
    Which of the following most closely reflects your view on the Government’s consideration of mining Schedule 4 land?
    The Government has already made up its mind
The Government is genuinely listening to the public before making up its mind
# Don’t know
    Why do you say that?
# · The government is consulting because it is required to; this National-Act coalition would prefer to ignore the public, especially when it suspects most people disagree with its decisions.

    What do you expect the Government will do, after hearing public submissions?
    The Government will remove all five proposed areas from Schedule 4 to allow mineral exploration and possibly mining
# Government will keep some of the five proposed areas in Schedule 4 but proceed to remove others
No areas will be removed from Schedule 4
Don't know
    Why do you say that?
# · Saving face is intrinsic to governments, so its Bill _will_ proceed, hopefully with only one (or perhaps 2) Schedule 4 protected areas still in it.

Page 9 of 13
    Which areas do you think will be kept in Schedule 4 (protecting them from mineral exploration and mining)?

Tick all that apply
# Coromandel Peninsula
Otahu ecological Parakawai geological areas in the Coromandel Forest Park
Great Barrier Island
# Rakiura National Park, Stewart Island
# Inangahua Sector, Paparoa National Park, South Island West Coast
I really don't know

Page 10 of 13
    Would a Government decision to remove areas of conservation land from schedule 4 make you more or less likely to vote for the following parties at the next general election?

(Refers to party vote)
* More likely to vote - Less likely to vote - Will not alter my party vote - Don't know
Act _ Less likely
Green _ Will not alter my party vote
Progressive _ Will not alter my party vote
Labour _ Will not alter my party vote
Maori _ Will not alter my party vote
National _ Less likely
NZ First _ Will not alter my party vote
United Future _ Will not alter my party vote
Another party _ Will not alter my party vote

Page 11 of 13
Finally some questions for our statistics
    Which party did you vote for at New Zealand’s last general election in 2008?
    ACT New Zealand
# Green Party
Jim Anderton's Progressive Party
Labour Party
Maori Party
National Party
New Zealand First Party
United Future
Other party
Chose not to vote
Was not eligible to vote
Don't know or can't remember

    If a general election were held tomorrow, which party would you vote for?
    ACT New Zealand
# Green Party
Jim Anderton's Progressive Party
Labour Party
Maori Party
National Party
New Zealand First Party
United Future
Other party
Choose not to vote
Not eligible to vote
Don't know

Page 13 of 13
    Finally which of the following best describes your intention for the next general election?
    I definitely won’t vote
I probably won’t vote
I probably will vote
# I definitely will vote
I will not be eligible to vote
    We appreciate your help and thank you for the time you have taken to fill out this survey. Please take this opportunity to add anything further that you want to say in the space below:
# · I have been most impressed with the extent and detail in the descriptions/background you give ("Mineral potential", "Conservation issues") before asking your questions -- someone put a lot of time into it and I respond by giving the questions my full attention.
· Thank you.
    Would you like us to e-mail you a link to this survey’s results when they’re available?
# Yes

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
David MacClement, ZL1ASX I am at
^arkiv RePosts
earth our home:

Posted by davd at 08:56 NZD
Post Comment | Permalink
Sunday, 9 May 2010
Topic: news selected by DM
Chris Nelder's May 4th blog article, at: ; original:
- is:

Another Wake-Up Call for the World’s Biggest Oil Junkie

America Still Doesn’t Get It

By Chris Nelder, GetRealList
May 4, 2010

OK, America, it’s time to get real about energy.

The explosion and destruction of the Horizon deepwater rig and the subsequent oil spill disaster are only the latest in a series of wake-up calls you’ve received. Are you listening now?

Your first warning came in 1956, with the publication of M. King Hubbert’s model of US oil production, which correctly predicted its peak in 1970. When Hubbert updated his model on camera in 1976, he also nailed the peak of worldwide conventional oil production in 2005.

Since then, production has remained flat at roughly 74 million barrels per day (mbpd), despite prices gyrating wildly from $40 to $147 to $33 and back to $86 today. High prices did not deliver more oil to market.

Very simply, the cheap and easy oil is gone. What’s left is smaller, harder to find, of lesser quality, and in much more challenging places–under a mile of water and another five miles of rock, for example. It’s expensive, risky, and yes, dangerous.

American domestic oil production peaked in October, 1970 at just over 10 mbpd. It has been in a steadily declining trend ever since, and now stands at 5.5 mpbd.

Over 30 percent of domestic production is from offshore drilling, of which about three-quarters comes from the Gulf of Mexico. Deepwater oil production has only become possible in recent years with the development of cutting-edge technology. We do it not because it’s without risk, but because we need the oil – badly. Only offshore is it still possible to find a field in North America that can deliver over 100,000 bpd. Just two of the Gulf fields, Thunder Horse and Atlantis, produce a combined 350,000 bpd.

US crude production, 1900-2007

Source: Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Navigator. Source data.

By comparison, the remaining onshore resources in North America are now decidedly marginal. The days of gusher strikes onshore in the U.S. are long gone. About 1.2 mbpd, or over 20 percent of domestic production, comes from thousands of small “stripper wells” producing under 15 (yes, 15) barrels per day. Low-quality resources like tar sands and shale oil are vast but expensive, and so difficult to scale that they can’t reverse the long-term decline.

The U.S now imports 9.4 mbpd of crude. At $85 a barrel, that’s an $800 million-a-day hole in our pocket, or $292 billion a year. And our import dependency is only getting worse.

An oil export crisis has been developing for years, as oil producers consume more of their own output and Asia outbids the West for declining global exports.

Even so, as the world’s most dependent oil junkie, our demand for oil has held firm. The decline in U.S. oil demand from 21 mpbd in 2007 to 18.6 mbpd today was almost entirely due to lost industrial demand; gasoline demand remained virtually flat throughout the entire oil price spike and recession.

For every finger pointed at an oil company, three point back at us.

Like the whaling ships of the late 1800s that would sail to the ends of the earth in search of whale oil, deepwater drilling is proof that we are willing to pay enormous sums and go to extraordinary lengths and depths to get oil. We have chosen to accept the risks of environmental damage, the horror of oil wars, and the deaths of rig workers in exchange for a continuing supply of cheap, convenient fuel.

We built an entire economy and topography of civilization on the premise of endless, cheap fuel, and profited handsomely from the ever-increasing bounty of the Age of Oil. But having reached the point where it can no longer be increased, and the risks have grown intolerable, we whine and accuse and complain like teenagers, claim we were victimized, and act as though our demand for oil were an unfortunate accident we had no part in.

Isn’t it time ask ourselves how much more risk we’re willing to take, to accept the situation like adults, and plan accordingly?

Since Hubbert’s first warning, our wake-up calls have come ever faster: The Arab oil embargo of the early 1970s and the gasoline rationing that followed. Oil spills. Oil wars. Economically devastating oil price spikes driven by hurricanes and shrinking spare production capacity. And the increasingly frequent spectacle of sinking and spilling offshore rigs.

Yet somehow, this stark and deadly serious reality has escaped our notice. The eager search for a scapegoat in the wake of the Horizon disaster is a clear sign that America simply doesn’t get it.

After highly visible disasters like the Santa Barbara oil spill of 1969, the Exxon Valdez spill, and now the Horizon spill, the public understands the risk of offshore oil production. What it doesn’t understand—at all—are the choices we now have to make.

Those calling for an end to offshore oil production in the U.S. apparently don’t understand that it accounts for over 30 percent of our domestic supply. They don’t understand that making offshore oil off-limits would be a double-whammy to our pocketbooks, both restricting our income and forcing us to import even more oil at ever-higher prices. They have an inkling that ethanol production is pressuring food supply, but have no concept that the non-food alternatives, like fuel from algae and cellulosic ethanol, are still puny, and a long way from being ready to scale up and replace oil.

Instead of having a rational discussion about how we’re going to manage our remaining offshore oil resources, we look to technology…as if deepwater drillships and blowout preventers and acoustic shutoff switches were the problem, rather than miraculous solutions only a dedicated junkie could love. These technologies don’t fall from the sky. Every safety measure ever invented came as the result of a lesson learned the hard way.

Instead of discussing how we’re going to break our addiction to oil, we turn to politics…as if yelling “Drill, Baby, Drill” or “Spill, Baby, Spill” even louder, or changing tack on our energy policy every four years, could amount to a solution.

All of our politically-driven energy approaches–carbon caps and trading schemes, offshore leases and moratoriums, short-term incentives for renewables, and so on—are woefully incapable of addressing our long term problem.

It’s easy to vilify oil and its producers, and it’s politically popular to call for an end to drilling, but replacing oil is far more difficult and expensive than anyone seems to understand.

Here’s the real challenge.

Within two to three years, global oil production will begin a long decline. As a rough rule of thumb, the world will lose roughly 25% of its oil supply in 25 years, 50% in 50 years, and 100% in 100 years.

It’s likely that we will also see the peaks of natural gas and coal in the next 20 years. Hydropower and nuclear will do little more than hold their current market share.

By the end of the century, nearly everything will have to be powered by renewably-generated electricity, not liquids or gases.

But scaling up renewables to take over for fossil fuels, and transitioning all the infrastructure, is going to be mind-bogglingly expensive, difficult, and slow. Renewables like solar and wind currently make up less than two percent of the world’s primary energy supply. It will take decades of effort and trillions of dollars in investment to offset a mere 20 percent of global demand with renewables, and we’ll have to do it in an environment of declining fossil fuel supply and shrinking economies.

For another rule of thumb, consider this: To compensate for the decline of oil alone using renewables, the world would need to build the equivalent of all the world’s existing renewable energy capacity, every year. Since that is impossible, efficiency and a long transition to renewably powered infrastructure must make up the shortfall. This will take 50 years or more to achieve.

If we use it wisely, offshore domestic oil could provide a crucial portion of the fuel we’ll need in order to build that new infrastructure. But if we remain in ignorance of our energy reality, letting politics be our guide and scapegoating oil companies upon their every misfortune, we’ll go down in flames as surely as the Horizon did.

One more tool in the deepwater toolbox, be it an acoustic shutoff device or something not even invented yet, will not solve our problems. Scapegoating drillers while we continue to pump gasoline into our tanks is unproductive and hypocritical. Hyping the size of marginal resources like shale without acknowledging their low flow rates is disingenuous. And championing alternatives that can’t even meet half a percent of our needs, like non-food biofuels, while trying to shut down the 10 percent of our supply that deepwater production provides, betrays a suicidal ignorance of our reality.

It’s time to wake up, put politics aside, get a grip on the scale of the problem and its solutions, and develop a serious energy plan.

Until next time,

Chris Nelder


Related Articles

Letter to Congress: We Need a Real Energy Plan
March 15, 2010
Energy analyst Chris Nelder writes a letter to Congress on behalf of the American people, asking for a real energy plan.


{blog-re-posted by David MacClement}

Posted by davd at 16:28 NZD
Updated: Sunday, 9 May 2010 16:41 NZD
Post Comment | Permalink
Saturday, 24 April 2010
Protests against new powers for NZ Govt agencies

Radio NZ:

Protests against new powers for Government agencies:
- (3:21pm on 24 April 2010), has:

"More than 100 protesters [including you and me, Bera] have marched down
Queen Street in central Auckland, demonstrating against the government's
search and surveillance bill.

Two other rallies took place in Wellington and Christchurch earlier on

Protest organiser Cameron Walker says the protesters hope to raise
public awareness about the bill, which is going through the Justice and
Electoral Select Committee, and its implications.

Mr Walker says the bill takes away the right to silence and gives 70
other government agencies the same powers as police.

The Auckland Council for Civil Liberties says it gives vast powers to
search and detain individuals.

Council president Barry Wilson likens the powers it will give to the 70
state agencies, as similar to Stalin's Russia.

Copyright © 2010 Radio New Zealand

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Big Brother to get more rights,
- by Barry Wilson and Ian McIntosh: ; original:

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- also:

NZ Herald:
Nationwide protests against surveillance bill:
- with pic:

· Bera was holding up the right-hand pole (towards left of picture) of the banner: "Freedom to dissent is the difference between democracy and fascism".

· I was there too, though only at the beginning and the first quarter of the
march down Queen Street to the waterfront. (Bera & I travelled by bus.)


Posted by davd at 20:58 NZD
Post Comment | Permalink
Wednesday, 21 April 2010
14-Apr to 16-Apr 2010
"Obama Limits U.S. Use Of Nuclear Arms":

"Special Report: Are Regulators Dropping The Ball On Biocrops?": - Carey Gillam; 14-Apr-2010


"Gene Engineered Crops Profit Farmers: Report":
- has:
"'Farmers who have adopted genetically engineered crops have experienced lower costs of production and obtained higher yields in many cases because of more cost-effective weed control and reduced losses from insect pests,' reads the report from the National Research Council panel, [NRC is] one of the independent National Academies of Science that advise the federal government.
- - 'Farmers and their employees not only face reduced exposure to the harsh chemicals found in some herbicides and insecticides used before the introduction of genetically engineered crops but have to spend less time in the field in applying the pesticides.'
- - Ervin said the panel did not address safety or health issues, which were covered in previous reports. 'We attempted to navigate a middle ground on this.'"

"Obama To Propose $6 Billion NASA Budget Increase":
- has:
"$6 billion in new funding over five years to create 2,500 new jobs in Florida with the ultimate goal of going to Mars.
... plans in March to kill the Constellation program [which] was aimed at returning astronauts to the moon in the 2020s to clear the way for a Mars mission.
... Obama wants NASA to begin work on building a new heavy lift rocket sooner than envisioned under the canceled Constellation program, with a commitment to decide in 2015 on the specific rocket that will take astronauts deeper into space."

"Chinese Coal Ship Refloated From Australian Reef":
- has:
"The stranded ship belongs to the Shenzhen Energy Group, a subsidiary of China's state-owned China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company, better known by its acronym COSCO.
- - COSCO could face fines and costs of up to A$23 million dollars ($21.3 million) over the incident, according to international maritime law experts, while the vessel's captain could be handed an individual penalty of up to A$250,000.
- - 'Make no mistake, this company will pay a very substantial price for this incident,' Nolan told Australian radio."

"Arctic Oil Drilling Threatens Norway Government Coalition":

"World Marine Debris Totals 10 Mln Pieces In 1-Day Cleanup":

pic: "A male Osprey returns to the female in the nest, who had laid her first egg of the season this morning at the Loch of Lowes Wildlife reserve near Dunkeld, Scotland, April 13, 2010":


"Haiti Able To Hold Poll By Year-End: Bill Clinton": - 15-Apr-2010 - has:
"Haiti would need help ... as it rebuilds after the January 12 earthquake that killed up to 300,000 people and decimated the country's economy and infrastructure.
... The earthquake destroyed the offices of the Electoral Council, members of the U.N. mission working with the commission were killed and election materials were buried. Many of Haiti's government offices were also severely damaged in the earthquake, further slowing recovery efforts.
- - "You've got a massive transient population there, many of whom had a lot of their documents and identity proofs destroyed, so we need a little help putting the elections together, but we will get some experts in there," Clinton said.
- - More than one million people were left homeless after the magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the capital Port-au-Prince, and aid groups are racing against a looming hurricane and rainy season to ensure they have adequate shelter."

"NASA Grapples With Space Station Cooling Problem":
- has pic:

"Suntech, Trina-Solar Sign $11.7 Bln Loan Deals":
- has:
"China's top solar power equipment makers Suntech Power Holdings and Trina Solar have signed framework agreements with China Development Bank (CDB), giving them access to a combined 80 billion yuan ($11.72 billion) in loans
... Such deals are unfolding as China aggressively develops its renewable energy sector and as its companies play catch-up with bigger global peers including German solar cell producer Q-Cells AG and Spanish wind farm operator Iberdrola, which have built up solid track records, also with help from more than a decade of government subsidies.
... "As we accelerate global reach to Europe and the U.S. and as we widen our base among top markets, we could use the loan for market expansion," said Wang. "We're looking at projects overseas."
- - He said Trina Solar hoped to boost its share of the solar products market to 9 percent this year, up from 6.2 percent last year, adding, "Next year, we're aiming for a double-digit expansion."
- - Suntech is expanding capacity and lifting sales in the U.S. market, which some analysts say could double in size this year. The company aims to boost its share of the U.S. market to 20 percent in 2010, from about 15 percent last year."

"Greens Launch NAFTA Action On Canada Oil Sands":

pic: "A boat pulls a raft carrying illegally logged timber, which has been confiscated, along the Guamá River in the northeastern state of Para April 14":
- has:
"Brazilian Federal Police, IBAMA (Brazilian Institute of Environment), Instituto _Chico_Mendes_ Biodiversity (ICMBio), Amazon protection system (Sipam) and National Force, - on Monday started an operation called "Delta" to combat the deforestation of the Amazon and the illegal trade in wood."

"Chocolate May Be Good Medicine For end-stage liver-disease Patients":
- has:
".. eating dark chocolate limited the usual after-meal rise in abdominal blood pressure, which can reach dangerous levels in cirrhotic patients ... A study of 21 patients with end-stage liver disease"

"Indonesia To Revise Forest CO2 Revenue Rules: Official":

"South Africa Looks To Sea [for water needs]" worst drought, 150 years": - (desalination), 16-Apr-2010 this year's "South Asia Monsoon Seen as Normal":
- has:
"Monsoon rains in south Asia are expected to be normal this year, helped by weakening El Niño ... India's annual Juneto--September monsoon rains, which delivers 75-90 percent of total rainfall, were the weakest in 37 years in _2009_, ravaging rice and oilseed crops."

"Thousands Need Aid After Deadly Indian Storm Strikes":
- has:
"Hundreds of thousands of people are in need of shelter, food and water after a tropical storm ripped through impoverished villages in eastern India, killing 120 people
... the nor'wester -- a weather pattern that develops in the Bay of Bengal during the summer -- flattened thousands of homes, destroyed crops and killed hundreds of cattle when it struck late Tuesday.
- - Aid agencies and officials are still assessing the damage in the worst-affected states of Bihar and West Bengal, but early indications suggest destruction is widespread and major relief required.
- - "The damage is very enormous and the government is very shocked by a tragedy of such a dimension," said Devesh Chandra Thakur, minister for disaster management for Bihar, where 72 people were confirmed dead.
- - Populations living in the affected areas, bordering Bangladesh, are largely poor *** living on less than a dollar a day, *** - eking out a living as farmers or doing manual work."

"Iceland Volcano: Not Yet A Global Cooling Eruption":
- has:
"volcanic eruption in Iceland is too small so far to slow global warming as happened in 1991 with the explosion of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines, experts say.
- - Cataclysmic eruptions, led by Pinatubo and Mount Chichon in Mexico in 1982 in the 20th century, spewed so much debris into the upper atmosphere that they cooled the planet for months, briefly offsetting the effect of industrial heat-trapping gases."

"Icelandic Volcano Eruption Intensifies" (16-Apr-2010):
- pic:

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David MacClement, ZL1ASX RePosts: I am at
earth our home:

Posted by davd at 15:43 NZD
Updated: Wednesday, 21 April 2010 16:30 NZD
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